Spain is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. The country occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula and, in addition, two archipelagos - the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea - plus the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa. It is bordered to the west by Portugal and to the north, where the Pyrenees form a natural frontier, by France and Andorra. It has five major mountain ranges: the Pyrenees, the Iberian system, the Cantabrian Mountains, the Central mountain range and the Baetic Mountains. Its coasts are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and the Bay of Biscay. At 3,718 meters above sea level, El Teide, on Tenerife, is the country's highest point.
Spain is one of the warmest European countries. It enjoys a temperate Mediterranean climate with dry summers and mild winters and over 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. However, the country's geographic diversity results in a variety of microclimates. In the north, the climate is more humid and temperate, with mild winters, and summer temperatures rarely exceeding 25° C. In the highest
areas of the country, though, the climate becomes severe and snow is common in winter months.