Madrid's symbolic "kilometre zero" in the Puerta del Sol is the centre point of a great network of radial roads connecting the capital of Spain with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula. This is the source and the terminus of the major roads that underpin the entire geography of Spain:
the A1 Madrid-Irun Northern Highway which runs to the Basque Country and the border with France;
the A-2 Aragon Highway with connects Madrid with Barcelona by way of Saragossa and Lleida:
The A-3 Valencia Highway, which leads to Valencia on the eastern coast, with branches to Alicante and Murcia;
The A-4 Andalucia Highway which runs south to Seville, the other Andalusian capitals and Ciudad Real;
The A-5 Extremadura Highway, which runs via Caceres and Badajozto the border with Portugal;
and the A-6 A Coruña Highway with connects Madrid and Galicia with branches to various cities in Castile and Leon.
The M-30, M-40, M-45 and M-50 ring roads circle Madrid allowing the main highways to be reached without the need to pass through the city centre. In addition, access to the capital is made even faster by several radial toll routes including the AP-41 (Madrid-Toledo), the R-2 (Madrid-Guadalajara), the R-3 (Madrid-Arganda del Rey), the R-4 (Madrid-Ocaña) and the R-5 (Madrid-Navalcarnero).
Madrid has good bus connections to other Spanish cities. The capital has two large bus stations which handle most of this traffic: the Estacion Sur de Madrid (Mendez Alvaro, 83. Tel. 91 468 42 00. www.estaciondeautobuses.com. Metro: Mendez Alvaro) and the Estacion de Avenida de America (Avenida de America, 9. Tel. 902 30 20 10). The main bus companies are Alsa (tel. 902 42 22 42. www.alsa.es), Socibus (tel. 902 22 92 92. www.socibus.es), Continental Auto (tel. 902 33 04 00. www.continental-auto.es) an Auto Res (tel. 902 02 09 99. www.auto-res.net).
Atocha (Plaza del Emperador Carlos V) and Chamartin (Agustín de Foxa, s / n) are the two main railway stations in Madrid. They both handle long distance and local services and trains arrive daily from all parts of Spain as well as France and Portugal.Madrid is connected by AVE (high speed train service) to Segovia (30 mins.), Toledo (35 mins.), Ciudad Real (50 mins.), Valladolid (56 mins.) Puertollano (1 hour 13 mins.), Saragossa (1 hour 21 mins.), Cordoba (1 hour 42 mins.), Lleida (2 hours 10 mins.), Seville (2 hours 20 mins.), Huesca (2 hours 20 mins.) Malaga (2 hours 30 mins.), Tarragona (2 hours 38 mins.) and Barcelona (2 hours 43 mins.). Madrid is also linked directly by long haul and sleeper services to Paris (13 hours 30 mins), via Orleans, Blois and Poitiers, and with Lisbon (9 hours 30 mins). Railway Reservations and information: Tel +34 902 24 02 02; AVE: +34 915 06 63 29, International: +34 902 24 34 02.. www.renfe.es
Barajas International Airport (tel. +34 902 40 47 04, www.aena.es), one of the busiest in Europe, is located 12 kilometres from the city; one hundred different airlines operate from Barajas, to destinations all around the world. Its four terminals have all sorts of services, from car hire and hotel reservations to banks, pharmacies, post office, shops, cafes and restaurants. Line 8 of the Madrid city metro serves the airport, with a journey time of 20 minutes for T4 and 12 minutes for other terminals. There are also city bus routes 101 (from Canillejas), 200 and 204 (from Avenida de America ), and the longer distance routes 822 (from Coslada), 827 (from Tres Cantos) and 828 (from the Autonomous University). A free shuttle bus links the four airport terminals, with departures every three minutes. Taxis are available from the designated taxi ranks (fare to city: approximately 20€). There are seven different parking areas with space for more than 10,000 vehicles, as well as VIP parking (tel. +34 902 10 20 20) and long stays. By road, the airport is accessed via the M-40, A-2, M-11, R-2 and A-1.
Torrejon Airport (tel. +34 902 40 47 04. www.aena.es), 22 kilometres from the capital, is used primarily by air taxis and private flights.
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